How is Armenian music perceived in the world today? How is Armenian music presented in the world? At this present time, how successful are Armenian musicians? What should be the future of Armenian music?
Armenian music is used as a vehicle for presenting Armenian culture. Music can be analyzed as a component of an overall cultural strategy. Also considered is the interrelationship between music and education. These themes and others are presented in a live discussion on the show. The show features well-known Armenian composers and performers.
Davit Ghazaryan's voice connects with each other the histories of the musical and especially choral culture of the Soviet and independent republics of our homeland.
In modern Armenian composers' life, the name of Geghuni Chitchian sounds with an incessant creative and pedagogical zeal.
His name is associated with high and noble achievements of soloist and ensemble performance of violin.
"Intoxicated with Purity," "Unexpected Modernism," "Archaic and Amazing"… Such headlines in the most serious German periodicals responded to the birth of the album "Komitas. Seven Songs" released by ECM Records. The music pieces are rendered in the interpretation of Lusine Grigoryan, lecturer at Yerevan State Conservatory named after Komitas. English periodicals, "Gramophone" and "BBC Music," also wrote about this album in the form of an article and an interview.
This is the title of the first volume of the yearbook of Komitas Museum-Institute that includes the latest studies on this topic by specialists from Armenia and other countries. We're talking with one of the editors of the volume, musicologist Tatevik Shakhkulyan. During the broadcast, you'll listen to performances by Komitas, Khoren Palyan, Hilliard Ensemble, Hover Choir, Lusine Grigoryan, and the choir of Vazgenian Seminary.
"When an artist reveals the meaning of life to an entire nation, he or she is a genius. Komitas has such an importance for the Armenian people. The great Komitas confirmed the right of the Armenians to be called a creative nation." Sargis Najaryan reads the memories of Hrachia Adjarian, Garegin Levonyan, Panos Terlemezyan, Karine Khrimyan. This episode of our program is based on the book "Komitas the Miracle Worker" by Khachik Safaryan.
Our entire nation expresses herself with the voice of Komitas. He legalized the principles of performing Armenian songs. In this radio essay we have also included the ten commandments of Komitas for the art of singing. He paid attention to the correct pronunciation of words and to the close connection of speech and music. According to Komitas, speech is an expression of thought, and musical voice is an expression of feeling.
For our radio essay we have chosen a few excerpts from Khachik Safaryan's "Komitas the Miracle Worker" collection.
Geniuses have often been inspired by each other. Komitas is such an incentive and charge for Armenian culture. Yeghishe Charents loved Komitas with filial love and felt the awe of a believer toward him, while Martiros Sarian had a love for him that reached worship, saying that it is not enough to love Komitas; it is necessary to always listen to him.
Tigran Mansuryan is one of the brightest representatives of modern Armenian music, with that "noble, national demeanor" (as described by musicologist Zara Ter-Ghazaryan) that only he has. Such was also our first meeting with him at our radio station. Here is a sentence from our one-hour conversation: "For me, the greatest personal, human value in music is the melody that my mother would sing for me — the lullaby”…
He affirmed the eternity of the Beauty and wrote his name in the pages of the history of Armenian music. He experienced the joy of being famous and loved. During 68 years of his life, he was a co-thinker and friend of D. Shostakovich, A. Khachaturian, Sergei Parajanov, P. Sevak, and Minas. We talk about the honored composer and his time with his biographer, musicologist Tsovinar Movsisyan.
In different periods of his life he was the rector of the Conservatory, director of the Opera Theater, artistic director for the musical part of the State Committee for Television, head of the National Ensemble of Song and Dance as well as of Hayhamerg, etc. Edgar Hovhannisyan manifested his national traits both in creative work and in public activity. Musicologist Tsovinar Movsisyan shares her memories of some pages from the life of her older contemporary.
Yuri Harutyunyan is one of the inseparable parts of the history of Armenian cinema. His music is played in about 80 films. On the occasion of his 70th anniversary, the monograph "Parallels of Life" by musicologist Tsovinar Movsisyan was published. The rebroadcast of the talk with the author and the hero of this book is dedicated to the memory of the composer.
Assessments given to her activities, starting from her first performance and ending with her scholarly studies at the dusk of the great path of her life, are especially rich. "Anahit Tsitsikyan is a glorious figure in the firmament of contemporary Armenian culture. A talented violinist, an Honored Artist of the Republic of Armenia, a meticulous researcher of Armenian performing arts, a pedagogue and publicist, a person with multifaceted interests," writes musicologist, Doctor of Arts Margarit Rukhkyan.
Gayane Chebotaryan is one of the giants of Armenian musical culture of the second half of the 20th century. A musician, who harmoniously combined in herself the composer and researcher, publicist and pianist, educator and musical-public figure: "Through my hands passed all Armenian Soviet composers and musicologists who studied in Yerevan during the years of my teaching," remembered the great educator.
Constantin Sarajev is one of the most impressive and viable giants of Armenian musical culture of the 20th century. He is a constructor and undisputed measure in the Soviet and Armenian conductor and pedagogical arts.
Conductor, composer, pedagogue, scholar, music and public figure and military bridge builder Gevorg Budaghyan took part in the formation of our national Conservatory, Opera House, and Institute of Art. The main path of his great work began with the decisive presence of Konstantin Saradzhev and culminated in the fundamental popularization of Alexander Spendiaryan's creative legacy.
Eduard Ter-Ghazaryan's creations have become the eighth wonder of the world. He sculpted and drew on rice and sugar grains, and hair. All of his professions of microsculptor, violist, painter and creator of musical instruments were the happiness of his life, while the string instruments created by him are miracles that transform the past of Armenian and world history into the present.
Avet Gabrielyan (1899 - 1983) is one of the founders of the Armenian violin school and Armenian String Quartet. The greatest violinist was born in Nakhichevan-on-Don, which became the place of residence of the descendants of Ani Armenians. His first teacher of music was his school teacher of singing Gevorg Cheorekchyan, the future Catholicos George VI. In 1923, Avet Gabrielyan became one of the founders of the first Armenian Quartet named after Komitas. Let's listen to this episode dedicated to the great violinist.
This episode is dedicated to the life and work of Pavel Lisitsyan, the baritone number one in the Soviet Union, an outstanding artist of the Moscow Bolshoi Theater, and pedagogue. Here are memories of his father's family, trials at different years of study, participation in the World War II, and episodes testifying to his world recognition.
Hasmik Grigoryan's musical talent was born of a luxurious Armenian-Lithuanian opera duet. The singer who has the most prestigious awards confesses that her real opera career is just starting. We witnessed her ascent: the first Yerevan Opera Festival opened with arias of Madama Butterfly, Manon Lescaut, and Tatyana performed by Hasmik. "The entire essence of my opera world is Madama Butterfly," emphasizes Vem Radio's precious guest and friend.
Honored conductor Yuri Davtyan has multiplied the glory and honor of our Opera House and has created a strong symphonic performing tradition in homeland and abroad. To this day, pedagogy has been an integral part of his life. The mastery of our guest started from the depth of 60 years, passing through the crucible of Konstantin Sarajev and Mikayel Tavrizyan.
"This singer who was born in Moscow, was educated in Russian educational establishments and who communicated with Russian and world music art has been instilled with the culture of her ethnic ancestors through her mother's milk and has been engaged in its good popularization in her entire creative life," wrote the famous singer Sergey Yakovenko. This episode of the program is dedicated to Zaruhi Dolukhanyan, a diamond of Soviet-Armenian chamber vocal art.
Each national culture has a sound culture. Lusine Zakaryan is a symbol of such culture in modern Armenian musical and performing art. "She appeared to make clear the word "spiritual" that was slumbering in the dictionary," wrote Silva Kaputikyan.