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20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 22:00 - Spiritual DISCUSSIONS ON SYNOPTIC GOSPELS, 23:00 - Armenian Composers and Performers, 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 22:00 - Tagharan, 23:00 - Reflections, 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 22:00 - Spiritual Discussions, 23:00 - Selected Literary Works, 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 22:00 - Armenian Monasteries and Sanctuaries, 23:00 - Shades of Art, 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 22:00 - World Classical Music, 23:00 - Music Bridge, 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 23:00 - Our Cinema,
Programs
Monday 10:00, 23:00
Saturday 12։00
Armenian Composers and Performers
Thursday 11:00, 22:00
Saturday 17։00
Armenian Monasteries and Sanctuaries
Commemorative Days and Dates
Monday 08:02, 20:02
Tuesday 08:02, 20:02
Wednesday 08:02, 20:02
Thursday 08:02, 20:02
Friday 08:02, 20:02
Saturday 08:02, 20:02
Sunday 08:02, 20:02
Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.)
Monday 14:02, 18:00
Tuesday 14:02, 18:00
Wednesday 14:02, 18:00
Thursday 14:02, 18:00
Friday 14:02, 18:00
Saturday 14:02, 18:00
Sunday 14:02, 18:00
Gandzasar Daily Program (Russian)
Great Ideas
Sunday 13:00, 22:00
Introduction to the Bible
Thursday 12:00
Friday 23:00
Music Bridge
Musical selections
Wednesday 11:00
Saturday 23:00
Our Cinema
Friday 10:00
Pearls of Music Theater
Prayers
Questions to the priest
Tuesday 12:00, 23:00
Sunday 16:00
Reflections
Wednesday 10:00, 23:00
Saturday 13:00
Selected Literary Works
Thursday 10:00, 23:00
Sunday 23:00
Shades of Art
Wednesday 12:02, 22:00
Saturday 10:00
Spiritual Discussions
Monday 12:02, 22:00
Sunday 10:00
Spiritual Discussions On Synoptic Gospels
Tuesday 11:00, 22:00
Sunday 15:00
Tagharan
Tuesday 10:00
Friday 22:00
Saturday 15:00
World Classical Music
Initiatives Quizzes media vem club Products
Host - Inessa Khachatryan
Broadcast Schedule
Friday - 10:00
Pearls of Music Theater

The program broadcasts the best performances of famous operas, ballets, musicals, and operettas, presenting their plots and the history of their creation.

Before each act, the corresponding part of libretto is read, which makes the listening experience more vivid and comprehensible.

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13 September Ludwig Minkus, La Bayadère (ballet)

In 1876, Marius Petipa was attracted by the idea of the ballet "La Bayadère." Sergei Khudekov developed the plot based on "Shakuntala, or The Sign of Shakuntala" by the ancient Indian poet Kalidasa.  However, the original source of Petipa's ballet wasn't this ancient drama, but the French ballet "Shakuntala" by T. Gauthier.
The Austrian composer Ludwig Minkus's ballet "La Bayadère" was premiered on February 4, 1877, at the Bolshoi Theater in St. Petersburg. Then the play disappeared from the repertoire for more than a decade. In 1941, a great expert on the classical heritage, Vladimir Ponomarev, and the young choreographer Vakhtang Chabukiani jointly created a three-act version of the old play. In 1948, this version was replenished and since then has not descended from theater stage.

The ballet consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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06 September Ludwig van Beethoven, "Fidelio"

"Fidelio" is the only complete opera of Beethoven. The plot is based on a real story about a political prisoner whose wife selflessly saved her husband from a certain death. The dramatic nature of the opera, its moral pathos, heroism, glorification of the purity and strength of marital love, the desire to fight against totalitarianism were close to Beethoven's ideas.

  • The first part of the broadcast presents Act I of the opera, and the second part, Act II.
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30 August Georges Bizet, The Pearl Fishers

The authors of the libretto of the opera "The Pearl Fishers" ("Les pêcheurs de perles") are Eugène Cormon and Michel Carré. It was premiered on September 30, 1863, at the Paris Lyric Theater. Bizet, who had not yet reached the age of 25, was welcomed by the audience who, in addition to singers, also demanded the composer.
 The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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23 August Antonio Vivaldi, Oracle in Messenia

Libretto of the Opera "Oracle in Messenia" was written by the Italian poet Apostolo Zeno. In 1738, the opera was a great success in Venice. Thanks to the perseverance of Vivaldi's friends, in 1742, the opera was also premiered in Vienna.
This work previously considered lost has been recovered on the basis of the libretto of the Vienna premiere, which has been recently found in the Library of Congress in Washington. This important and difficult task has been successfully carried out by violinist and conductor Fabio Biondi who has used the technique of "pasticcio" in reconstructing the lost passages of the original opera.

The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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16 August Franz Lehar, The Merry Widow

The libretto of the operetta "The Merry Widow" is based on Henri Meilhac's comedy "The Embassy Attaché" and is authored by Viktor Léon  and Leo Stein.
The operetta was first staged at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna on December 30, 1905. The success was tremendous. The audience constantly called the artists back for an encore, demanding a repetition of certain parts, and the operetta ended with a huge ovation.
"The Merry widow" is deservedly called the Queen of Operettas. Its witty libretto and Lehar's beautiful music have made it very popular. In different countries, various films have been created based on its plot.

The operetta consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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09 August Gaspare Spontini, La Vestale

The libretto of this opera was written by Victor Étienne de Jouy and Michel Dieulafoy.
The opera was premiered on December 15, 1807, at the Paris National Opera in the presence of Empress Josephine. Despite the tendency to get rid of Italian influence in French music, the audience immediately appreciated this opera as a masterpiece.
The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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26 July Jules Massenet, Don Quichotte

The source of inspiration for the French composer Massenet  to write this opera was not the famous novel by Miguel de Cervantes but the play "The Knight of the Long Figure" by his contemporary French writer Jacques Le Lorrain. The libretto for the opera was written by Henri Caïn with whom Massenet had been collaborating since 1894.
Massenet wrote the part for Don Quichotte especially for the Russian famous opera singer Feodor Chaliapin.
The opera was premiered on February 19, 1910, in Monte Carlo. 

It consists of five acts, which are presented in five parts of the broadcast respectively.

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19 July Alexey Verstovsky, Askold's Grave

The author of the libretto of this opera is well-known Russian writer and playwright Mikhail Zagoskin. His novel "Askold's Grave" that was published in 1833 received appreciation by neither critics nor readers. However, two years later, in 1825, Alexey Verstovsky decided to write an opera based on this novel.
The opera was premiered on September 15, 1836. The audience highly appreciated it. The opera was presented  in Moscow Bolshoy Theater over 400 times in 25 years, and until 1887, it was in the permanent repertoire of the Theater.

The opera consists of four acts, which are presented in the four parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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12 July Franz Peter Schubert, Fierrabras

In 1822, the management of the Vienna Royal Opera House commissioned Franz Schubert to write an opera. Schubert chose a libretto by Joseph Kupelwieser that was based on sayings about Charlemagne, the king of the Franks, and the Moorish knight Fierrabras. But the management of the theater abandoned its decision to stage this opera by Schubert.
The composer never saw this opera staged; he wasn't even paid for his work. Seven years after his death, on May 7, 1835, the opera was presented at Vienna's Theater in der Josefstadt in a shortened concert version. In 1897, Austrian conductor and composer Felix Mottl staged his version of the opera at the Baden State Theater; he had added ballet parts from other works of Schubert and had also used some parts from works by other composers. The Mottl version was performed for a long time in opera houses. The authentic and full version of the opera was first presented at the Vienna State Opera in 1988 under the direction of conductor Claudio Abbado.

The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast respectively. 

 

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05 July Carl Maria von Weber, The Freeshooter

The Opera "The Freeshooter" ("Der Freischütz") is considered the first truly romantic German opera. The work is based on an ancient legend, common among Germans and Czechs, about a young hunter, but the ending of the libretto is different from that of the legend. The author of the libretto, Johann Friedrich Kind, changed it so that in the struggle of good and evil, good wins and everything ends happily for the heroes.
Carl Maria von Weber wrote this opera during the rise of the national liberation struggle and justified the expectations of the audience of Democrats. This opera was assessed not only as a brilliant phenomenon of arts, but also as a strong patriotic work. 

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28 June Mikhail Glinka, Ruslan and Lyudmila

Glinka had the idea of creating the opera "Ruslan and Lyudmila" still at the time of Pushkin. The composer wanted to create it on a libretto by Alexander Pushkin, but because of the sudden death of the poet he was forced to turn to his friends: he wrote the libretto with the help of Valerian Shirkov, Constantine Bahturin, Nestor Kukolnik, and others.
In this work, Glinka instilled the images with epic breath, developed the content of the opera, and created new types of operatic drama that are based on the development of symphonism, the clash and juxtaposition of opposite characters, and sequence of separate complete episodes.

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21 June Imre Kalman, Die Csárdásfürstin (The Csárdás Princess)

The libretto of this operetta was written by the Austrian playwright Leo Stein and and librettist Bela Jenbach. Kalman conceived the idea of creating an operetta dedicated to the variety star Sylva Varescu in the beginning of 1914. The German libretto was called "Long live love."
The operetta was completed by November 1915, and its premiere took place on November 17 at the Johann Strauss Theater in Vienna.
The first staging of the operetta in Russia was in the midst of the World War I (1916), so both the title of the operetta and many of the names of the characters were changed. Since then, the Soviet and Russian audience have known this operetta as "Silva."

The operetta consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

 

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14 June Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Idomeneo, King of Crete, or, Ilia and Idamante

This opera was composed by commission of the Bavarian and Palatinate elector Karl Theodor. The myth of Idomeneo had already been used in musical theater. In 1712, a five-act opera by the famous composer André Campra was presented in Paris that was written to the libretto of poet and playwright Antoine Danchet, an author of 12 tragedies and librettos, mainly on classical subjects. His "Idomeneo" is full of tragic events and ends in a bloody denouement. The Abbot Giambattista Varesco, chaplain of the Archbishop of Salzburg, translated the text of this libretto into Italian and adapted it to the specifics of the opera seria. He changed the five acts into three acts and the bloody denouement into a happy one.
The opera was premiered on January 29, 1781, at the National Theater of Munich.

The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

 

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07 June Gaetano Donizetti, Anna Bolena

The most famous librettist of his time, Felice Romani, wrote the libretto of the Opera "Anna Bolena" for the Italian composer Donizetti. This Opera is the third joint work of Donizetti and Romani. On the basis of Romani's libretti, the composer wrote ten operas.
The plot of the Opera is based on two tragedies, "Anna Bolena" by the Italian poet, Count Alessandro Pepoli, and "Henry VIII" by the famous French dramatist Marie-Joseph Chénier.
Anna Bolena is the historical figure Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England. In 1536, Anne Boleyn was accused of adultery and incest with her brother and was beheaded at Tower Green on May 19 of the same year. 
The premiere of the Opera "Anna Bolena" took place on December 26, 1830, in the Teatro Carcano in Milan.
The Opera consists of two acts, which are presented in the two parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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31 May Alfredo Catalani, La Wally

This opera's libretto was written by Luigi Illica who based it on the novel "The Vulture Wally: A Story from the Tyrolean Alps" by German writer Wilhelmine von Hillern. The opera was premiered on January 20, 1892, at the La Scala opera theater in Milan.

 

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24 May Pietro Mascagni, Cavalleria Rusticana

The French composer Mascagni wrote the opera "Cavalleria Rusticana" for the competition of one-act operas organized in Milan by the publisher Edoardo Sonzogno in 1888.
Learning about the competition very late, Mascagni turned for help to his friend, poet Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti who decided to borrow the plot of the libretto from a novel by Giovanni Verga. Guido Menasci also participated in the reworking of the plot. In March 1890, the decision of the jury was announced, according to which the winners were Niccola Spinelli's "Labilia," Vincenzo Ferroni's  "Rudello," and Mascagni's "Cavalleria Rusticana."
The opera was premiered in Rome on May 17, 1890, and was a great success.

 

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17 May Giacomo Puccini, Madama Butterfly

According to the author of this opera, it is a "Japanese tragedy." 
From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th, Europeans sought after exoticism, and the workers of art tried to enrich their works with Asian flavor. By choosing a Japanese theme, Puccini showed the importance of the drama of an individual. 
The opera is based on American writer John Long's novel. David Belasco made a drama of it, and its staging so impressed Puccini that he asked Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa to transform the play into an opera libretto. 
The actions of the opera take place in Nagasaki in 1900.

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10 May Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Swan Lake

Libretto was written by Vladimir Begichev and Vasily Geltser.
"Swan Lake" was premiered in February 1977 and met by the public not very well. The experts of that time considered it unsuccessful and it was soon removed from the scene. The main culprits were considered choreographer Vatslav Reisinger and Polina Karpakova, who performed the role of Odette.
After almost twenty years, the Directorate of Imperial Theaters again turned its attention to Tchaikovsky's work to include it in the new season of 1893-1894. Thus, a new script of the play was developed by famous Marius Petipa. The composer's brother, Modest Ilyich, remade the libretto.
The new premiere took place in January 1895 in St. Petersburg. Since that time, the ballet has received a well-deserved recognition among both the public and music critics.

The ballet consists of four acts, which are presented in the four parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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03 May Ruggero Leoncavallo, Pagliacci

Leoncavallo's opera Pagliacci was premiered in 1892. The events of the plot happen in Italy's south, in the small village of Montalto, Calabria. "Pagliacci" means "clowns." This story is not a product of fantasy only; the author tried to reflect the real life, being inspired by that same reality.

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26 April Charles Gounod, Faust

The plot of the Opera Faust is borrowed from the first part of Goethe's tragedy of the same name, which is itself based on a common German medieval legend.
The libretto was written by Paul Jules Barbier and Michel Antoine Florentine Carre.
The first performance of the opera took place in Paris, in Théâtre-Lyrique, on March 19, 1859.
The opera consists of five acts, with a prologue and ballet scenes, which are presented in the five parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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05 April Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "Nabucco"

The opera is based on the biblical events described in the tragedy of Auguste Anicet-Bourgeois. "Nabucco" is the Italian short form of the name of the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II. The Bible tells how Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the first temple of Jerusalem in 578 BCE  and captured the Jews.
The author of the Italian libretto is Temistocle Solera.

 

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29 March Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai, The Merry Wives of Windsor

German composer Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai wrote his opera "The Merry Wives of Windsor" on the basis of English playwright William Shakespeare's comedy of the same name (1597). The opera was premiered on March 9, 1849,  at the Berlin Royal Court Opera under the baton of the composer.

 

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22 March Franz von Suppé, Boccaccio, or the Prince of Palermo

The authors of the libretto of Suppé's operetta are Friedrich Zell and Richard Genée. The plot is based on some novellas from the collection "Decameron" by Giovanni Boccaccio, which were masterfully united in such a way that the main character became Boccaccio himself.

The operetta consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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15 March Giuseppe Verdi, Otello

The author of the libretto of Verdi’s opera Otello is Arrigo Boito, and the plot is based on Shakespeare’s tragedy of the same name.
The opera was premiered on February 5, 1887, at Milan’s La Scala theater. The 74-year-old composer had written Otello in a new manner and with a special enthusiasm. The audience accepted it with great exultation. The opera soon became well-known in the world and is considered as one of the best works of Verdi.
The opera consists of four acts, which are presented in the four parts of this broadcast, respectively.

 

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