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08:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 10:00 - Shades of Art, 11:00 - Armenian Monasteries and Sanctuaries, 12:00 - Music Bridge, 14:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Russian), 18:00 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Russian), 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 22:00 - Armenian Monasteries and Sanctuaries, 23:00 - Shades of Art, 08:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 10:00 - Pearls of Music Theater, 14:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Russian), 18:00 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Russian), 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 22:00 - World Classical Music, 23:00 - Music Bridge, 08:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 10:00 - Spiritual Discussions, 12։00 - Armenian Composers and Performers, 13:00 - Selected Literary Works, 14:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Russian), 15:00 - World Classical Music, 16:00 - Armenian Masters of Landscape Painting, 17։00 - Armenian Monasteries and Sanctuaries, 18:00 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Russian), 20:02 - Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.), 23:00 - Our Cinema,
Programs
Monday 10:00, 23:00
Saturday 12։00
Armenian Composers and Performers
Monday 11:00
Saturday 16:00
Armenian Masters of Landscape Painting
Thursday 11:00, 22:00
Saturday 17։00
Armenian Monasteries and Sanctuaries
Commemorative Days and Dates
Monday 08:02, 20:02
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Gandzasar Daily Program (Arm.)
Monday 14:02, 18:00
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Thursday 14:02, 18:00
Friday 14:02, 18:00
Saturday 14:02, 18:00
Sunday 14:02, 18:00
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Tuesday 12:00, 23:00
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Great Ideas
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Introduction to the Bible
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Pearls of Music Theater
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Selected Literary Works
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Shades of Art
Wednesday 12:02, 22:00
Saturday 10:00
Spiritual Discussions
Monday 12:02, 22:00
Sunday 10:00
Spiritual Discussions On Synoptic Gospels
Tuesday 11:00, 22:00
Sunday 15:00
Tagharan
Tuesday 10:00
Friday 22:00
Saturday 15:00
World Classical Music
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Host - Inessa Khachatryan
Broadcast Schedule
Friday - 10:00
Pearls of Music Theater

The program broadcasts the best performances of famous operas, ballets, musicals, and operettas, presenting their plots and the history of their creation.

Before each act, the corresponding part of libretto is read, which makes the listening experience more vivid and comprehensible.

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28 September Georges Bizet, The Pearl Fishers

The authors of the libretto of the opera "The Pearl Fishers" ("Les pêcheurs de perles") are Eugène Cormon and Michel Carré. It was premiered on September 30, 1863, at the Paris Lyric Theater. Bizet, who had not yet reached the age of 25, was welcomed by the audience who, in addition to singers, also demanded the composer.
 The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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24 August Hector Berlioz, Benvenuto Cellini

The authors of the libretto of this opera by French composer Berlioz are Léon de Wailly and Henri Auguste Barbier. It is based on the memoirs of Benvenuto Cellini, the famous Italian sculptor, jeweler, painter, soldier and musician of the period of  Renaissance.
The opera consists of two acts, which are presented in the two parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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03 August Jean-Philippe Rameau, Hippolyte et Aricie

French composer Jean-Philippe Rameau's opera "Hippolyte et Aricie" is based on Jean Racine's tragedy "Phaedra." No later than December 1732, Rameau's patron Alexandre Le Riche de La Poupelinière introduced Rameau to Abbé Simon-Joseph Pellegrin. The latter agreed to write the libretto for the opera.
The opera premiered on October 1, 1733, at the Royal Academy of Music in Paris (now Paris National Opera Theater).
The opera consists of five acts, which are presented in the five parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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08 June Gaspare Spontini, La Vestale

The libretto of this opera was written by Victor Étienne de Jouy and Michel Dieulafoy.
The opera was premiered on December 15, 1807, at the Paris National Opera in the presence of Empress Josephine. Despite the tendency to get rid of Italian influence in French music, the audience immediately appreciated this opera as a masterpiece.
The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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04 May Antonio Vivaldi, Oracle in Messenia

Libretto of the Opera "Oracle in Messenia" was written by the Italian poet Apostolo Zeno. In 1738, the opera was a great success in Venice. Thanks to the perseverance of Vivaldi's friends, in 1742, the opera was also premiered in Vienna.
This work previously considered lost has been recovered on the basis of the libretto of the Vienna premiere, which has been recently found in the Library of Congress in Washington. This important and difficult task has been successfully carried out by violinist and conductor Fabio Biondi who has used the technique of "pasticcio" in reconstructing the lost passages of the original opera.

The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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23 March Ludwig Minkus, La Bayadère (ballet)

In 1876, Marius Petipa was attracted by the idea of the ballet "La Bayadère." Sergei Khudekov developed the plot based on "Shakuntala, or The Sign of Shakuntala" by the ancient Indian poet Kalidasa.  However, the original source of Petipa's ballet wasn't this ancient drama, but the French ballet "Shakuntala" by T. Gauthier.
The Austrian composer Ludwig Minkus's ballet "La Bayadère" was premiered on February 4, 1877, at the Bolshoi Theater in St. Petersburg. Then the play disappeared from the repertoire for more than a decade. In 1941, a great expert on the classical heritage, Vladimir Ponomarev, and the young choreographer Vakhtang Chabukiani jointly created a three-act version of the old play. In 1948, this version was replenished and since then has not descended from theater stage.

The ballet consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

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09 March Francesco Cilea, Adriana Lecouvreur

In April 1849, the five-act drama by Eugène Scribe and Ernest Legouvé "Adrienne Lecouvreur" was staged with triumphant success in Paris. Based on this play, Arturo Colautti wrote a libretto for the opera of the same name.
The heroine of the opera is a historical character, an actress of the French Comedy Teather, Adriana Lecouvreur, famous for her roles in Racine's tragedies.
The opera was premiered at Milan's Teatro Lirico on November 6, 1902.

The opera consists of four acts, which are presented in the four parts of our broadcast respectively.

 

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09 February Imre Kalman, Die Csárdásfürstin (The Csárdás Princess)

The libretto of this operetta was written by the Austrian playwright Leo Stein and and librettist Bela Jenbach. Kalman conceived the idea of creating an operetta dedicated to the variety star Sylva Varescu in the beginning of 1914. The German libretto was called "Long live love."
The operetta was completed by November 1915, and its premiere took place on November 17 at the Johann Strauss Theater in Vienna.
The first staging of the operetta in Russia was in the midst of the World War I (1916), so both the title of the operetta and many of the names of the characters were changed. Since then, the Soviet and Russian audience have known this operetta as "Silva."

The operetta consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of our broadcast, respectively.

 

 

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29 December Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Christmas Eve

The plot of this opera by the Russian composer Rimsky-Korsakov is  based on the novel "Christmas Eve" by Nikolai Gogol. The libretto was authored by the composer himself, who wrote his opera in the style of a fairy tale, enriching it with imaginary elements, as well as including in the libretto ancient pagan sayings with which Russian ans Ukrainian peasant household rituals were particularly rich.
"Christmas Eve" was premiered on November 28, 1895, at the Mariinsky Theater.

The opera consists of four acts, which are presented in the four parts of our broadcast, respectively.

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03 November Vincenzo Bellini, Norma

The Italian libretto was written by Felice Romani on the basis of the tragedy "Norma, or the Infanticide" by French dramatist Louis Alexandre Soumet.  
Bellini completed the music for the opera 20 days before the premiere. At the request of the composer, the rehearsals also continued in the morning on the day before the premiere. Because of this, all the soloists were very tired, and as a result, the premiere that took place on December 26, 1831, failed. Bellini called this performance a "real fiasco." But on the next day, December 27, the audience appreciated the opera, applauding even during those scenes that had been especially poor on the previous evening. From that day on, Bellini’s "Norma" began its triumphal procession in the world's opera houses.
The opera consists of two acts, which are presented in the two parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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06 October Alexander Glazunov, Raymonda

In 1896, the Director of the Imperial Theaters of St. Petersburg Ivan Vsevolozhsky commissioned Glazunov to write music for the ballet Raymonda. The author of the idea of the playscript was Marius Petipa, a 19th-century leading choreographer, and the libretto was written by Russian writer Lidiya Pashkova. The premiere of the ballet took place on January 7, 1898, at the Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg.
The ballet consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast, respectively.

 

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08 September Antonín Leopold Dvořák, Opera Rusalka

The Czech poet, dramatist and theater figure Jaroslav Kvapil created the libretto of "Rusalka" on the basis of fairy tales by Karel Jaromír Erben and Božena Němcová. This story of all-conquering love immediately attracted the attention of the Czech composer Dvořák, and already on 31 March, 1901, the Opera "Rusalka" was presented to the audience.

The Opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast respectively.

 

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04 August Sergei Prokofiev: Тhe Love for Тhree Оranges

The broadcast presents Sergei Prokofiev's opera Тhe Love for Тhree Оranges. The libretto was written by Prokofiev himself on the basis of the eponymous fairy tale by Italian writer Carlo Gozzi. The opera was first presented on stage on December 30, 1921, in Chicago, in the French language.

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14 July Umberto Menotti Maria Giordano, Andrea Chénier

The author of the libretto is Luigi Illica. The Opera was premiered on March 28, 1896.
The main character of the Opera is the famous French poet  Andrea Chénier. At first, he welcomed the Great French Revolution, but later rejected the Jacobin dictatorship and terror, defended the king, and criticized the main leader of the Jacobins Maximilien Robespierre.
Because of persecution, the poet tried to flee from Paris two times but was arrested. During the 140 days that he spent in prison, Andrea Chénier wrote his best poems, which inspired Luigi Illica in writing the libretto.
On July 25, 1794, Chénier was accused of conspiring against the state and was executed on the same day.
Opera "Andrea Chénier" consists of four acts, which are presented in the four parts of the broadcast
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07 July Modest Mussorgsky, Boris Godunov

The libretto is based on the tragedy "Boris Godunov" by Alexander Pushkin, but the composer also used a number of historiographic articles and "The History of the Russian State" by Nikolay Karamzin. 
Mussorgsky completed the first edition of the opera in 1869 and the second, in 1872.
The premiere of the opera took place on January 27, 1874, at the Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg.
"Boris Godunov" consists of four acts, which are presented in the four parts of the broadcast respectively.

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16 June Franz Peter Schubert, Fierrabras

In 1822, the management of the Vienna Royal Opera House commissioned Franz Schubert to write an opera. Schubert chose a libretto by Joseph Kupelwieser that was based on sayings about Charlemagne, the king of the Franks, and the Moorish knight Fierrabras. But the management of the theater abandoned its decision to stage this opera by Schubert.
The composer never saw this opera staged; he wasn't even paid for his work. Seven years after his death, on May 7, 1835, the opera was presented at Vienna's Theater in der Josefstadt in a shortened concert version. In 1897, Austrian conductor and composer Felix Mottl staged his version of the opera at the Baden State Theater; he had added ballet parts from other works of Schubert and had also used some parts from works by other composers. The Mottl version was performed for a long time in opera houses. The authentic and full version of the opera was first presented at the Vienna State Opera in 1988 under the direction of conductor Claudio Abbado.

The opera consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast respectively. 

 

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09 June Alexander Dargomyzhsky, Rusalka

The broadcast presents Russian composer Alexander Dargomyzhsky's opera, Rusalka, which is based on Alexander Pushkin's incomplete dramatic poem of the same name.

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02 June Jacques Offenbach, The Beautiful Helen

In early 1864, the French composer Jacques Offenbach was looking for a subject for his new operetta and chose the epic poem "Iliad" by ancient Greek poet Homer. Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy wrote the libretto.
The operetta was premiered on December 17, 1864, in Paris.
It consists of three acts, which are presented in the three parts of the broadcast respectively.

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26 May Tchaikovsky, The Queen of Spades

The broadcast presents Pyotr Tchaikovsky's opera The Queen of Spades written on the basis of Alexander Pushkin's novel of the same name. 

 

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12 May Jules Massenet, Don Quichotte

The source of inspiration for the French composer Massenet  to write this opera was not the famous novel by Miguel de Cervantes but the play "The Knight of the Long Figure" by his contemporary French writer Jacques Le Lorrain. The libretto for the opera was written by Henri Caïn with whom Massenet had been collaborating since 1894.
Massenet wrote the part for Don Quichotte especially for the Russian famous opera singer Feodor Chaliapin.
The opera was premiered on February 19, 1910, in Monte Carlo. 

It consists of five acts, which are presented in five parts of the broadcast respectively.

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05 May Pyotr Tchaikovsky, The Sleeping Beauty

 

The idea of creating a ballet on this subject was proposed by the Director of the Russian Imperial Theaters Ivan Vsevolozhsky. He created the libretto of the ballet together with the famous ballet master Marius Petipa. Vsevolozhsky used only the first part of Perrault's tale for the plot . He omitted the long part on the later fate of Aurora, Prince Désiré, and his evil stepmother. Vsevolozhsky and Petipa did not change the plot of the story. They just changed its style, turning the moral and instructive story into a magic and stunning performance.

The ballet was premiered on  January 3, 1890, at the Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg.

You'll listen to the Sleeping Beauty performed by the Russian National Orchestra,conductor- Mikhail Pletnev.

 

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07 April Sergei Rachmaninoff, Francesca da Rimini

This opera consists of one act, a prologue, and an epilogue. 
The plot is based on the Fifth Canto of Dante Alighieri's "The Inferno" in "Divine Comedy." The author of the libretto is Modest Tchaikovsky. Despite its beautiful music, the opera didn't become part of repertoires after its premiere in 1906. It was staged anew by conductor Mark Ermler at Moskow Bolshoi Theater in 1973.

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17 March Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, La serva padrona

The Opera-buffa "La serva padrona" (The Servant Turned Mistress) is a short opera consisting of one act. It is based perhaps on the comedy of the same name by Jacopo Nelli. The author of the Italian libretto is Gennaro Federico.
Pergolesi wrote this opera as an intermezzo to the larger opera series "The Proud Prisoner" consisting of three acts.
The opera was premiered on August 28, 1733, at San Bartolomeo Theater in Naples.

 

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03 March Sergei Prokofiev, Romeo and Juliet Ballet

In 1933, the famous Shakespearean scholar, artistic director of the Leningrad Theater of Opera and Ballet after Kirov (now Mariinsky) Sergei Radlov suggested Sergei Prokofiev to write music on the theme of Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet." The composer immediately started to write. Parallel with making the music, he, together with Radlov and the theater critic and playwright Adrian Piotrovsky, also created the libretto of the ballet.
The ballet "Romeo and Juliet" was premiered on December 30, 1938, in the Czech city of Brno. On the national scene, it was presented after overcoming many obstacles, on January 11,1940.

Listen to the ballet in three acts in the three parts of the  broadcast.

 

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