How have the world great writers thought and which of their works have made them famous in the entire world, especially since the 1920s when serious changes occurred in the history of world literature?
The program "Selected Literary Works" not only presents the literary heritage and lives of foreign writers, but also tries to reveal the spirit and merits of their famous works.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Irish playwright and novelist Seán O'Casey. Due to poor eyesight, he never went to school and learned to read and write on his own. He wrote his first plays in the 1920s. The play "The Shadow of a Gunman" was followed by "Juno and the Paycock" and "The Plough and the Stars." All the three plays are dedicated to the national liberation struggle of the Irish people. In all these works, the most important thing is the depiction of the heroic spirit of most insignificant and humble people.
Herbert Wells, a science fiction writer, master of social and philosophical fiction, biologist by profession and Doctor of Biology, is an author of many famous novels, scientific studies, manuals, and various interesting books. It is a well-known fact that scientific and technical progress is in the center of his entire work. But the writer was firmly convinced that technical progress cannot make humans happy, and in his works, Wells made interesting juxtapositions between capacities of science and reason, and described world cataclysms, the cruelty of soldiers, and the conquest of colonies. In the early 20th century, he foresaw the birth of many great scientific discoveries related to the development of the universe and interplanetary communication.
The German writer and political figure Anna Seghers was born in Mainz, in a bourgeois family. Her first stories appeared in the middle of the 1920s, and in the first story, "Grubetsch," she clearly reflected the reality. In the novel "Die Ziegler," she presented the tragic fate of a small man. The suffering of the Ziegler family of artisans has a direct connection to the German bourgeois reality of that time. Seghers centers her attention not only on the victims of social injustice but also on those who fight against it.
The great singer has a special attitude to the literary text, to literature. It was a great pleasure for her to read Kafka in German. She always has books by Hrant Matevosyan on her table. She also likes modern Armenian writers such as Alis Hovhannisyan, Hovhannes Yeranyan...
The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian prose writer, dramatist and poet Luigi Pirandello. He pictured the life and the rights of small people with a new quality of realistic prose. As a dramatist, he is an innovator. He created a new philosophical and psychological theater. His most famous work is the play "Six Characters in Search of an Author ." Here, the characters – the actors, the manager of the theater and the invented characters of unwritten plays – are real people. Pirandello uses a very interesting trick, uniting reality and theatrical play: the act develops right in front of the audience...
The broadcast is dedicated to the U.S. literary life of the first half of the 20th century. This period was marked with the literature of Francis Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, Sherwood Anderson, Eugene O'Neill, Robert Frost, Carl Sandburg, Langston Hughes, John Dos Passos, and others.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian writer Alberto Moravia (born Pincherle). He gained literary fame with his first novel, "Time of Indifference ." His novel "Two Women" condemns the war, and in the image of Cesira, the writer presents the character of Italian women: their strong will, endurance, strength of spirit...
The broadcast is dedicated to the Austrian writer Joseph Roth, whose works also describe many episodes from the writer's own fate. He wrote sixteen novels, of which particularly "Radetzky March" brought him literary fame. Roth showed in this novel how boring monotony can be...
The broadcast is dedicated to the American writer J. D. Salinger, the author of the novel "The Catcher in the Rye." In this novel, in the image of teenager Holden, Salinger depicted the American world, which is also the approximate description of the entire world. The novel was a huge success among millions of readers in different parts of the world. Salinger also authored some unique novellas and short stories. In 1965, he departed from people and began to live in a small beautiful village. He spent the rest of his life in this village until January 27, 2010…
The broadcast is dedicated to the Spanish writer Miguel de Unamuno, a Basque by origin. The main theme of his works is the fate of Spain in its past and present. Unamuno became a famous prose writer and poet in Europe for his collections of patriotic and philosophical poetry, novels, and essays. Especially his novels "Mist" and "Love and Pedagogy" as well as his essays dedicated to Don Quixote brought him a great fame.
The broadcast is dedicated to Japanese prose writer and playwright Yukio Mishima who established an interesting and extraordinary connection between a writer and readers. Yes, it is possible to read him with interest without sharing his ideas and without following his conclusions. But even in this case his work and person continue remaining in the center of attention in the entire world. Mishima gained fame especially for his novel "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion" where he created the new Herostratus of his times.
The book "In Search of Lost Time" by the French novelist, essayist and representative of modernism Marcel Proust is considered one of the most important novels of the 20th century. The writer lived in an era when social changes shook Europe. In this novel, written during this period, the writer is not interested in historical or political events, but in the time with conscious flow and in the imaginary world that tries to get its memory back.
The broadcast is dedicated to Austrian writer, literary critic, playwright and essayist Stefan Zweig, whose novels opened a new page in the history of the world literature thanks to their sincereness and profoundness. He became famous especially for his works “The Royal Game,” “Amok,” “Confusion of Feelings,” and “Letter from an Unknown Woman.” He called his “Maria Stuart” a biographical novel. Recounting Maria Stuart’s happy days and her harsh years, the writer ponders on freedom and its boundaries…
The broadcast is dedicated to major German-language writer Franz Kafka and particularly his novel "The Trial," on which about 6,000 literary articles have been written so far. Kafka, an adherent of modernism, added new expressive means to prose − with symbols and ideological saturation.
The broadcast is dedicated to the famous novel by Franz Kafka. Written in 1922, this novel arouses great interest with its mysteriousness and unexpected solutions today also. In its basis is the deep contradiction between an individual and the society. K. is like Josef K. of the novel "The Trial" but here the human's dissatisfaction with social customs and with the state laws is more emphasized.
The broadcast is dedicated to famous German writer Hermann Hesse's literary activities and especially to his well-known novel "Steppenwolf."
The broadcast is dedicated to the French writer and military aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry who became world-wide famous for his philosophical novella "The Little Prince." It is very possible that Saint-Exupéry wrote here about himself and unveiled his soul in the image of the little child who was concerned about the future of the Earth and the whole Universe. No coincidence that he wrote this during World War II when his homeland was also in danger. This wise tale is interesting for people of all ages and remains actual to this day.
The broadcast is dedicated to French poet, playwright, essayist, and publicist, Noble Prize winner François Mauriac. He became more known as a master of social-psychological novels. His novels "A Kiss to the Leper," "Thérèse Desqueyroux," and "The Knot of Vipers" brought a great fame to him. When the Fascist army conquered his homeland, he wrote that even if we see the shame surrounding us and feel it in our souls, we should not despair and lose our trust in human; this is the sense of our life and survival.
The broadcast is dedicated to French philosopher, novelist, playwright, Noble Prize winner Jean-Paul Sartre. The core of his philosophical views is the idea of freedom, which is the essence of human behavior, source of activity, and the only opportunity of human existence, according to Sartre. These views are reflected in his literature, especially in his famous novel "Nausea," in the trilogy "The Roads to Freedom," in the collection of stories "The Wall," in his autobiographical novel "The Words," and in many other works.
The broadcast is dedicated to French writer, famous author of the novel "The Counterfeiters" André Gide, who was awarded the Nobel prize in 1947 for his highly artistic and profound literature where human problems are presented in a glorious love for the truth and in psychological depth. Of great interest is also his book "Return from the USSR" which caused heated debates and conflicting opinions in the literary and public life.
The broadcast is dedicated to Japanese prose writer and playwright Kōbō Abe who especially gained fame thanks to these three novels: "The Woman in the Dunes," "The Face of Another," and "The Ruined Map." His protagonists are individuals who run from the world and reality and who desire to preserve their souls, fight, and overcome hard situations. The plays of Abe, who has won many literary prizes, are also very popular. They were staged by the author himself in the Kōbō Abe Studio created by him.
The broadcast is dedicated to Japanese classic, Nobel Prize winner Yasunari Kawabata who is called the most Japanese prose writer by literary critics. His novels "Thousand Cranes," "Snow Country," "The Sound of the Mountain" as well as the short story "The Dancing Girl of Izu" made him famous worldwide. Kawabata valued in his works the national customs of his people, especially the tea ritual and the veneration of sakura blossoms and of the sunrise over Mount Fuji, maintaining simplicity and sincerity of the style.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Japanese literature of the 1910s–1930s, especially to writers Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Takuboku Ishikawa, Takiji Kobayashi, and Yuriko Miyamoto, whose works opened an important phase in the literary life of Japan.
The broadcast is dedicated to the English playwright, founder of the social drama of the 20th century, the novelist and public figure, Nobel prize winner George Bernard Shaw. Some of his plays such as "The Apple Cart," "Heartbreak House," "Saint Joan," "Too True to Be Good" express universal ideas that are still relevant today. Interesting is the fact that Show's dramaturgy that was not easily accepted on English stages received a world-wide acclaim and became one of the central phenomena of the literature of the 19th to the first half of the 20th century.