How have the world great writers thought and which of their works have made them famous in the entire world, especially since the 1920s when serious changes occurred in the history of world literature?
The program "Selected Literary Works" not only presents the literary heritage and lives of foreign writers, but also tries to reveal the spirit and merits of their famous works.
The German writer and political figure Anna Seghers was born in Mainz, in a bourgeois family. Her first stories appeared in the middle of the 1920s, and in the first story, "Grubetsch," she clearly reflected the reality. In the novel "Die Ziegler," she presented the tragic fate of a small man. The suffering of the Ziegler family of artisans has a direct connection to the German bourgeois reality of that time. Seghers centers her attention not only on the victims of social injustice but also on those who fight against it.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Anglo-American poetry school of Imagism and especially to one of its founders, poet, literary theorist and critic Ezra Pound. His work presents the modern American poetry because, as a literary critic and editor of journals, also as a compiler of anthologies, he played a great role in the development and spread of the modern American and European literature.
Herbert Wells, a science fiction writer, master of social and philosophical fiction, biologist by profession and Doctor of Biology, is an author of many famous novels, scientific studies, manuals, and various interesting books. It is a well-known fact that scientific and technical progress is in the center of his entire work. But the writer was firmly convinced that technical progress cannot make humans happy, and in his works, Wells made interesting juxtapositions between capacities of science and reason, and described world cataclysms, the cruelty of soldiers, and the conquest of colonies. In the early 20th century, he foresaw the birth of many great scientific discoveries related to the development of the universe and interplanetary communication.
The broadcast is dedicated to the famous novel by Franz Kafka. Written in 1922, this novel arouses great interest with its mysteriousness and unexpected solutions today also. In its basis is the deep contradiction between an individual and the society. K. is like Josef K. of the novel "The Trial" but here the human's dissatisfaction with social customs and with the state laws is more emphasized.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian prose writer, dramatist and poet Luigi Pirandello. He pictured the life and the rights of small people with a new quality of realistic prose. As a dramatist, he is an innovator. He created a new philosophical and psychological theater. His most famous work is the play "Six Characters in Search of an Author ." Here, the characters – the actors, the manager of the theater and the invented characters of unwritten plays – are real people. Pirandello uses a very interesting trick, uniting reality and theatrical play: the act develops right in front of the audience...
The broadcast is dedicated to the U.S. literary life of the first half of the 20th century. This period was marked with the literature of Francis Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, Sherwood Anderson, Eugene O'Neill, Robert Frost, Carl Sandburg, Langston Hughes, John Dos Passos, and others.
The broadcast is dedicated to major German-language writer Franz Kafka and particularly his novel "The Trial," on which about 6,000 literary articles have been written so far. Kafka, an adherent of modernism, added new expressive means to prose − with symbols and ideological saturation.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian writer Alberto Moravia (born Pincherle). He gained literary fame with his first novel, "Time of Indifference ." His novel "Two Women" condemns the war, and in the image of Cesira, the writer presents the character of Italian women: their strong will, endurance, strength of spirit...
The broadcast is dedicated to German writer, novelist, essayist, literary critic, Nobel Prize winner Thomas Mann and particularly to his novel "The Magic Mountain." This work stands out with its deep philosophical analysis. The author of the novels "Buddenbrooks," "Doctor Faustus," and "Joseph and His Brothers" was deeply interested in people's national pain and fate, in all dangers threatening humanity, and in his own time.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Austrian writer Joseph Roth, whose works also describe many episodes from the writer's own fate. He wrote sixteen novels, of which particularly "Radetzky March" brought him literary fame. Roth showed in this novel how boring monotony can be...
The broadcast is dedicated to Indian writer, poet, public figure, art critic, artist, composer, playwright, Novel Prize winner Rabindranath Tagore who was the first person to understand in India that art should be closely connected with people. Revealing the most important character features of Indian people and nailing his attention to pan-national issues, Tagore aspired to raise the ordinary human being, and to inspire his readers to have respect and love toward their nation. With this aim in mind, he sought for ways in his literary works, learned folk songs and dances, and thus skillfully used his nation's talents.
The broadcast is dedicated to the American writer J. D. Salinger, the author of the novel "The Catcher in the Rye." In this novel, in the image of teenager Holden, Salinger depicted the American world, which is also the approximate description of the entire world. The novel was a huge success among millions of readers in different parts of the world. Salinger also authored some unique novellas and short stories. In 1965, he departed from people and began to live in a small beautiful village. He spent the rest of his life in this village until January 27, 2010…
The broadcast is dedicated to the Spanish writer Miguel de Unamuno, a Basque by origin. The main theme of his works is the fate of Spain in its past and present. Unamuno became a famous prose writer and poet in Europe for his collections of patriotic and philosophical poetry, novels, and essays. Especially his novels "Mist" and "Love and Pedagogy" as well as his essays dedicated to Don Quixote brought him a great fame.
The broadcast is dedicated to the prominent representative of American literature Theodore Dreiser, who continued the literary traditions of Mark Twain, Frank Norris, and Henry Fuller. He wrote with great courage and ruthlessly against the false myth created about the United States. He gained great fame especially by his most famous novel — "An American Tragedy", by "The “Genius”," a novel about the fate of an artist and art, whose hero sells his talent, as well as by the "Trilogy of Desire," in which the main character considers the law of his desires as the most important thing.
The broadcast is dedicated to Japanese prose writer and playwright Yukio Mishima who established an interesting and extraordinary connection between a writer and readers. Yes, it is possible to read him with interest without sharing his ideas and without following his conclusions. But even in this case his work and person continue remaining in the center of attention in the entire world. Mishima gained fame especially for his novel "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion" where he created the new Herostratus of his times.
The broadcast is dedicated to novelist, Nobel Prize winner Ernest Hemingway and his famous novel “The Old Man and the Sea” published in 1952. It is a novel about the human being, life struggle, defeat and victory, a novel that influenced the best literatures of the world.
The broadcast is dedicated to Austrian writer, literary critic, playwright and essayist Stefan Zweig, whose novels opened a new page in the history of the world literature thanks to their sincereness and profoundness. He became famous especially for his works “The Royal Game,” “Amok,” “Confusion of Feelings,” and “Letter from an Unknown Woman.” He called his “Maria Stuart” a biographical novel. Recounting Maria Stuart’s happy days and her harsh years, the writer ponders on freedom and its boundaries…
The broadcast is dedicated to Albert Camus, writer, playwright, essayist, philosopher (existentialist), Nobel Prize winner, who became famous especially for his novels "The Plague" and "The Stranger," where he depicted the reality of absurdity, evaluating the human being with his or her fate, disharmony, feelings, and tragicalness. In Camus's literary legacy, an important place is occupied by the essay "The Myth of Sisyphus," which, with its deep philosophical analyses and generalizations, is a new word in the 20th-century prose.
The broadcast is dedicated to the French writer and military aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry who became world-wide famous for his philosophical novella "The Little Prince." It is very possible that Saint-Exupéry wrote here about himself and unveiled his soul in the image of the little child who was concerned about the future of the Earth and the whole Universe. No coincidence that he wrote this during World War II when his homeland was also in danger. This wise tale is interesting for people of all ages and remains actual to this day.
The broadcast is dedicated to English novelist and essayist David Herbert Lawrence who is distinguished especially for his novelties in literature. His greatest desire was to see the human being free and natural. The novels "Sons and Lovers," "The Rainbow," and "Women in Love" brought him a great fame. But the greatest success was his last but one novel — "Lady Chatterley's Lover."
The broadcast is dedicated to French poet, playwright, essayist, and publicist, Noble Prize winner François Mauriac. He became more known as a master of social-psychological novels. His novels "A Kiss to the Leper," "Thérèse Desqueyroux," and "The Knot of Vipers" brought a great fame to him. When the Fascist army conquered his homeland, he wrote that even if we see the shame surrounding us and feel it in our souls, we should not despair and lose our trust in human; this is the sense of our life and survival.
The broadcast is dedicated to a bright representative of English modernism, poet, art critic, art historian, playwright and literary critic, Nobel Prize winner Thomas Eliot who created in a very hard period of the 20th century many valuable works: The Hollow Men, The Waste Land, The Ash Wednesday, Four Quartets, etc. Among his theoretic writings notable are the works The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism, and On Poetry and Poets.
The broadcast is dedicated to French philosopher, novelist, playwright, Noble Prize winner Jean-Paul Sartre. The core of his philosophical views is the idea of freedom, which is the essence of human behavior, source of activity, and the only opportunity of human existence, according to Sartre. These views are reflected in his literature, especially in his famous novel "Nausea," in the trilogy "The Roads to Freedom," in the collection of stories "The Wall," in his autobiographical novel "The Words," and in many other works.
The broadcast is dedicated to American great writer and Nobel Prize laureate William Faulkner, especially his novel The Sound and the Fury written in 1929. This was the author's favorite novel which he described as his “most splendid failure.” Through the fall of the Compson family, the author expresses a deep sympathy for human pain and tragedy.