How have the world great writers thought and which of their works have made them famous in the entire world, especially since the 1920s when serious changes occurred in the history of world literature?
The program "Selected Literary Works" not only presents the literary heritage and lives of foreign writers, but also tries to reveal the spirit and merits of their famous works.
The broadcast is dedicated to the English playwright, founder of the social drama of the 20th century, the novelist and public figure, Nobel prize winner George Bernard Shaw. Some of his plays such as "The Apple Cart," "Heartbreak House," "Saint Joan," "Too True to Be Good" express universal ideas that are still relevant today. Interesting is the fact that Show's dramaturgy that was not easily accepted on English stages received a world-wide acclaim and became one of the central phenomena of the literature of the 19th to the first half of the 20th century.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Czech literature of the 20th century, for which the 1920s were a difficult and controversial period associated with aesthetic views. This was accompanied by heated ideological debates. A large role was played by the literary group "Devetsil" founded in Brno in 1923. The group members considered themselves Marxists and tried to make innovations in art. The Surrealists became successors of Poetism and published a manifesto based on the works of André Breton and of French Surrealists...
The broadcast is dedicated to German poet, prose writer, playwright, art critic, state and public figure Johannes Becher. Living outside his homeland for a decade, he continued creating numerous works in different genres. After returning to Germany in 1945, he continued his wide-scale cultural activities with a fresh enthusiasm: numerous poetic series, 300 sonnets, poems in prose, plays, articles on literary criticism, radio programs. And in the center of all of this it was the life, fate, struggles and hope of the ordinary human being that interested Becher.
The broadcast is dedicated to the famous Spanish poet Miguel Hernández. In 1931, in the hope of a big success, Miguel arrived in the capital without a penny in his pocket. An interview with the shepherd poet and some poems by him appeared in the best journals of the capital. But he didn't succeed in finding a job. In order to provide his essential needs, he returned to his village. However, the Madrid period was very effective: he got acquainted with modern Spanish poetry and strengthened his interest in the Spanish poet Góngora. The very first collection of Hernández, published in 1933 under the title "The Expert on the Moon," bears the influence of Góngora, whose poetry left a striking impression on the self-taught poet...
The broadcast is dedicated to the master of impressionist prose, literary critic, theorist of modernism Virginia Woolf, who opened a new stage in the history of English literature. German literary critic and art historian Erich Auerbach compared her with such great writers as Dante, Shakespeare, Flaubert, and Proust. Wolf became famous especially for her novels "Mrs. Dalloway" and "To the Lighthouse" as well as a number of articles of literary criticism. Her works enriched the psychological prose of modern times.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Irish playwright and novelist Seán O'Casey. Due to poor eyesight, he never went to school and learned to read and write on his own. He wrote his first plays in the 1920s. The play "The Shadow of a Gunman" was followed by "Juno and the Paycock" and "The Plough and the Stars." All the three plays are dedicated to the national liberation struggle of the Irish people. In all these works, the most important thing is the depiction of the heroic spirit of most insignificant and humble people.
The broadcast is dedicated to German writer Bertold Brecht, poet, novelist, playwright, art theorist, founder of "epic theater," who spent most of his life in exile. During his short life, he managed to leave a number of valuable works such as the plays "Life of Galileo," "The Good Person of Szechwan," "The Threepenny Opera," "Mother Courage and Her Children," "The Days of the Commune," as well as the prose work "Threepenny Novel" and a number of poems.
The German writer and political figure Anna Seghers was born in Mainz, in a bourgeois family. Her first stories appeared in the middle of the 1920s, and in the first story, "Grubetsch," she clearly reflected the reality. In the novel "Die Ziegler," she presented the tragic fate of a small man. The suffering of the Ziegler family of artisans has a direct connection to the German bourgeois reality of that time. Seghers centers her attention not only on the victims of social injustice but also on those who fight against it.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Anglo-American poetry school of Imagism and especially to one of its founders, poet, literary theorist and critic Ezra Pound. His work presents the modern American poetry because, as a literary critic and editor of journals, also as a compiler of anthologies, he played a great role in the development and spread of the modern American and European literature.
Herbert Wells, a science fiction writer, master of social and philosophical fiction, biologist by profession and Doctor of Biology, is an author of many famous novels, scientific studies, manuals, and various interesting books. It is a well-known fact that scientific and technical progress is in the center of his entire work. But the writer was firmly convinced that technical progress cannot make humans happy, and in his works, Wells made interesting juxtapositions between capacities of science and reason, and described world cataclysms, the cruelty of soldiers, and the conquest of colonies. In the early 20th century, he foresaw the birth of many great scientific discoveries related to the development of the universe and interplanetary communication.
The broadcast is dedicated to the famous novel by Franz Kafka. Written in 1922, this novel arouses great interest with its mysteriousness and unexpected solutions today also. In its basis is the deep contradiction between an individual and the society. K. is like Josef K. of the novel "The Trial" but here the human's dissatisfaction with social customs and with the state laws is more emphasized.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian prose writer, dramatist and poet Luigi Pirandello. He pictured the life and the rights of small people with a new quality of realistic prose. As a dramatist, he is an innovator. He created a new philosophical and psychological theater. His most famous work is the play "Six Characters in Search of an Author ." Here, the characters – the actors, the manager of the theater and the invented characters of unwritten plays – are real people. Pirandello uses a very interesting trick, uniting reality and theatrical play: the act develops right in front of the audience...
The broadcast is dedicated to the U.S. literary life of the first half of the 20th century. This period was marked with the literature of Francis Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, Sherwood Anderson, Eugene O'Neill, Robert Frost, Carl Sandburg, Langston Hughes, John Dos Passos, and others.
The broadcast is dedicated to major German-language writer Franz Kafka and particularly his novel "The Trial," on which about 6,000 literary articles have been written so far. Kafka, an adherent of modernism, added new expressive means to prose − with symbols and ideological saturation.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian writer Alberto Moravia (born Pincherle). He gained literary fame with his first novel, "Time of Indifference ." His novel "Two Women" condemns the war, and in the image of Cesira, the writer presents the character of Italian women: their strong will, endurance, strength of spirit...
The broadcast is dedicated to German writer, novelist, essayist, literary critic, Nobel Prize winner Thomas Mann and particularly to his novel "The Magic Mountain." This work stands out with its deep philosophical analysis. The author of the novels "Buddenbrooks," "Doctor Faustus," and "Joseph and His Brothers" was deeply interested in people's national pain and fate, in all dangers threatening humanity, and in his own time.
The broadcast is dedicated to the Austrian writer Joseph Roth, whose works also describe many episodes from the writer's own fate. He wrote sixteen novels, of which particularly "Radetzky March" brought him literary fame. Roth showed in this novel how boring monotony can be...
The broadcast is dedicated to Indian writer, poet, public figure, art critic, artist, composer, playwright, Novel Prize winner Rabindranath Tagore who was the first person to understand in India that art should be closely connected with people. Revealing the most important character features of Indian people and nailing his attention to pan-national issues, Tagore aspired to raise the ordinary human being, and to inspire his readers to have respect and love toward their nation. With this aim in mind, he sought for ways in his literary works, learned folk songs and dances, and thus skillfully used his nation's talents.
The broadcast is dedicated to the American writer J. D. Salinger, the author of the novel "The Catcher in the Rye." In this novel, in the image of teenager Holden, Salinger depicted the American world, which is also the approximate description of the entire world. The novel was a huge success among millions of readers in different parts of the world. Salinger also authored some unique novellas and short stories. In 1965, he departed from people and began to live in a small beautiful village. He spent the rest of his life in this village until January 27, 2010…
The broadcast is dedicated to the Spanish writer Miguel de Unamuno, a Basque by origin. The main theme of his works is the fate of Spain in its past and present. Unamuno became a famous prose writer and poet in Europe for his collections of patriotic and philosophical poetry, novels, and essays. Especially his novels "Mist" and "Love and Pedagogy" as well as his essays dedicated to Don Quixote brought him a great fame.
The broadcast is dedicated to the prominent representative of American literature Theodore Dreiser, who continued the literary traditions of Mark Twain, Frank Norris, and Henry Fuller. He wrote with great courage and ruthlessly against the false myth created about the United States. He gained great fame especially by his most famous novel — "An American Tragedy", by "The “Genius”," a novel about the fate of an artist and art, whose hero sells his talent, as well as by the "Trilogy of Desire," in which the main character considers the law of his desires as the most important thing.
The broadcast is dedicated to Japanese prose writer and playwright Yukio Mishima who established an interesting and extraordinary connection between a writer and readers. Yes, it is possible to read him with interest without sharing his ideas and without following his conclusions. But even in this case his work and person continue remaining in the center of attention in the entire world. Mishima gained fame especially for his novel "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion" where he created the new Herostratus of his times.
The broadcast is dedicated to novelist, Nobel Prize winner Ernest Hemingway and his famous novel “The Old Man and the Sea” published in 1952. It is a novel about the human being, life struggle, defeat and victory, a novel that influenced the best literatures of the world.
The broadcast is dedicated to Austrian writer, literary critic, playwright and essayist Stefan Zweig, whose novels opened a new page in the history of the world literature thanks to their sincereness and profoundness. He became famous especially for his works “The Royal Game,” “Amok,” “Confusion of Feelings,” and “Letter from an Unknown Woman.” He called his “Maria Stuart” a biographical novel. Recounting Maria Stuart’s happy days and her harsh years, the writer ponders on freedom and its boundaries…