"No army can be compared with the power of an idea whose time has come." French writer Victor Hugo understood that ideas born at a proper time produce ideas shattering the universe, ideas that are doomed to be great. But greatness can be of different nature: great and beautiful, great and ugly, great and scary. A great idea may have all these qualities, thus producing admiration, disgust, or fear. This radio program presents various great ideas.
Since the classical times, the idea of sincere altruism caused doubts in many researchers. Some sophists, hired professional philosophers, who debated with Platonic Socrates, tried to prove with eloquence that good-natured disposition toward other humans is only an external thing, and if benefactors are "scraped" a little, their selfish interest will be revealed immediately. Modern philosophers insist that either people are ruled by their personal interests, which is a psychological egoism, or their behavior must be governed by such motivations, which is an ethical egoism.