(Mt. 22:15-22, Mk. 12:13-17, Lk. 20:20-26)
Pharisees and Herodians tested the Lord Jesus Christ, asking whether it was lawful to pay the imperial tax to Caesar or not. According to Mosaic Law, it was not allowed to pay a tax to an idolatrous king. If Christ answered: yes, it is lawful to pay the tax, He would be against the Law, while if He opposed the idea of paying the tax, He would be handed over to the Roman prefect as someone who opposed the Emperor.