Throughout centuries, Armenian monasteries have played a great role in the spiritual, cultural and political life of the Armenian people. These holy sites are recognized not only as centers of prayer, but also as scriptoriums where numerous works and translations were scripted, hand-copied and passed on to generations to come. Many of the church complexes represent magnificent and inimitable samples of the Armenian ancient and medieval architecture.
The Church of the Holy Mother of God (Zoravor Surb Astvatsatsin) of the Hermitage of Ananias the Apostle is situated in the Shahar District of Old Yerevan, on the site of the tomb and chapel of Ananias the Apostle. In the first quarter of the 17th century, Abbot Movses (later Catholicos St. Movses III of Tathev) founded a hermitage on this site and built a monastic complex surrounded with ramparts.