Selected Literary Works

Selected Literary Works

Remarkable writers of the 20th century and their most famous works.

The literary paths taken by modern Armenian writers, and their literary achievements

  • Host - Ani Pashayan
Lu Xun
22/05/2024

Lu Xun

The broadcast is dedicated to the founder of modern Chinese literature Lu Xun (real name Zhou Shu Ren). Both his prose and journalistic literature as well as literary-historical works clearly demonstrate the development of Chinese literature. Lu Xun was born in Shaoxing. His father was a landlord and gave his land plots in rent. It freed the family from many life problems, that is, the Zhou family lived a comfortable life. Lu Xun first studied at Naval Academy in Jiangnan, then at the School of Mining and Railways. Here he studied several foreign languages, English, German, French, and got acquainted with natural sciences — physics, chemistry, biology —  developing his mental abilities. Of course, this knowledge wasn't sufficient, and Lu Xun started to educate himself...

 

Selected Literary Works
Hervé Bazin
15/05/2024

Hervé Bazin

The broadcast is dedicated to the famous French writer and great proponent of realistic prose Hervé Bazin. He is considered to be the most read writer of the 1950s to 1980s. He was also a well-known public figure, a fighter for peace, and had been the Chairman of the Goncourt Academy since 1973. All of this shows the great importance he had in the literary life of France. Bazin was born in an  aristocratic family, which was proud of its ancestors, among whom there were eminent lawyers, clergymen, scientists, soldiers, even a bishop and an academician. His father was a lawyer, worked at the Catholic University, and saw his son as a lawyer. Herve first studied at a Catholic gymnasium, then, at his parents' will, in the faculty of law of the university, but soon left it. The reason was his conflict with his parents, who did not accept their son's literary inclinations...

 

Selected Literary Works
20th-Century Czech Literature
08/05/2024

20th-Century Czech Literature

The broadcast is dedicated to the Czech literature of the 20th century, for which the 1920s were a difficult and controversial period associated with aesthetic views. This was accompanied by heated ideological debates. A large role was played by the literary group "Devetsil" founded in Brno in 1923. The group members considered themselves Marxists and tried to make innovations in art. The Surrealists became successors of Poetism and published a manifesto based on the works of André Breton and of French Surrealists...

 

Selected Literary Works
Miguel Hernández
01/05/2024

Miguel Hernández

The broadcast is dedicated to the famous Spanish poet Miguel Hernández. In 1931, in the hope of a big success, Miguel arrived in the capital without a penny in his pocket.  An interview with the shepherd poet and some poems by him appeared in the best journals of the capital. But he didn't succeed in finding a job.  In order to provide his essential needs, he returned to his village. However, the Madrid period was very effective: he got acquainted with modern Spanish poetry and strengthened his interest in the Spanish poet Góngora. The very first collection of Hernández, published in 1933 under the title "The Expert on the Moon," bears the influence of Góngora, whose poetry left a striking impression on the self-taught poet...

 

Selected Literary Works
Seán O'Casey
24/04/2024

Seán O'Casey

The broadcast is dedicated to the Irish playwright and novelist Seán O'Casey. Due to poor eyesight, he never went to school and learned to read and write on his own. He wrote his first plays in the 1920s. The play "The Shadow of a Gunman" was followed by "Juno and the Paycock" and "The Plough and the Stars." All the three plays are dedicated to the national liberation struggle of the Irish people. In all these works, the most important thing is the depiction of the heroic spirit of most insignificant and humble people.

 

Selected Literary Works
Anna Seghers
17/04/2024

Anna Seghers

The German writer and political figure Anna Seghers was born in Mainz, in a bourgeois family. Her first stories appeared in the middle of the 1920s, and in the first story, "Grubetsch," she clearly reflected the reality. In the novel "Die Ziegler," she presented the tragic fate of a small man. The suffering of the Ziegler family of artisans has a direct connection to the German bourgeois reality of that time. Seghers centers her attention not only on the victims of social injustice, but also on those who fight against it.

 

Selected Literary Works
Herbert Wells
10/04/2024

Herbert Wells

Herbert Wells, a science fiction writer, master of social and philosophical fiction, biologist by profession and Doctor of Biology, is an author of many famous novels, scientific studies, manuals, and various interesting books.  It is a well-known fact that scientific and technical progress is in the center of his entire work. But the writer was firmly convinced that technical progress cannot make humans happy, and in his works, Wells made interesting juxtapositions between capacities of science and reason, and described world cataclysms, the cruelty of soldiers, and the conquest of colonies. In the early 20th century, he foresaw the birth of many great scientific discoveries related to the development of the universe and interplanetary communication.

 

Selected Literary Works
Luigi Pirandello
03/04/2024

Luigi Pirandello

The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian  prose writer, dramatist, and poet Luigi Pirandello. He pictured the life and the rights of small people with a new quality of realistic prose. As a dramatist, he is an innovator. He created a new philosophical and psychological theater. His most famous work is the play "Six Characters in Search of an Author ." Here, the characters – the actors, the manager of the theater and the invented characters of unwritten plays –  are real people. Pirandello uses a very interesting trick, uniting reality and theatrical play: the act develops right in front of the audience...

 

Selected Literary Works
U.S. Literature of the First Half of the 20th Century
27/03/2024

U.S. Literature of the First Half of the 20th Century

The broadcast is dedicated to the U.S. literary life of the first half of the 20th century. This period was marked with the literature of Francis Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, Sherwood Anderson, Eugene O'Neill, Robert Frost, Carl Sandburg, Langston Hughes, John Dos Passos, and others.

 

Selected Literary Works
Alberto Moravia
20/03/2024

Alberto Moravia

The broadcast is dedicated to the Italian writer Alberto Moravia (born Pincherle). He gained literary fame with his first novel, "Time of Indifference." His novel “Two Women” condemns the war, and in the image of Cesira, the writer presents the character of Italian women: their strong will, endurance, strength of spirit...

 

Selected Literary Works
Joseph Roth
13/03/2024

Joseph Roth

The broadcast is dedicated to the Austrian writer Joseph Roth, whose works also describe many episodes from the writer's own fate. He wrote sixteen novels, of which particularly “Radetzky March” brought him literary fame. Roth showed in this novel how boring, monotony can be…

 

Selected Literary Works
Jerome David Salinger
06/03/2024

Jerome David Salinger

The broadcast is dedicated to the American writer J. D. Salinger, the author of the novel "The Catcher in the Rye." In this novel, in the image of teenager Holden, Salinger depicted the American world, which is also the approximate description of the entire world. The novel was a huge success among millions of readers in different parts of the world. Salinger also authored some unique novellas and short stories. In 1965, he departed from people and began to live in a small, beautiful village. He spent the rest of his life in this village until January 27, 2010…

 

Selected Literary Works
Miguel de Unamuno
28/02/2024

Miguel de Unamuno

The broadcast is dedicated to the Spanish writer Miguel de Unamuno, a Basque by origin. The main theme of his works is the fate of Spain in its past and present. Unamuno became a famous prose writer and poet in Europe for his collections of patriotic and philosophical poetry, novels, and essays. Especially his novels “Mist” and "Love and Pedagogy" as well as his essays dedicated to Don Quixote brought him a great fame.

 

Selected Literary Works
Yukio Mishima
21/02/2024

Yukio Mishima

The broadcast is dedicated to Japanese prose writer and playwright Yukio Mishima who established an interesting and extraordinary connection between a writer and readers. Yes, it is possible to read him with interest without sharing his ideas and without following his conclusions. But even in this case, his work and person continue remaining in the center of attention in the entire world. Mishima gained fame especially for his novel "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion" where he created the new Herostratus of his times.

Selected Literary Works
Stefan Zweig
07/02/2024

Stefan Zweig

The broadcast is dedicated to Austrian writer, literary critic, playwright and essayist Stefan Zweig, whose novels opened a new page in the history of the world literature thanks to their sincereness and profoundness. He became famous especially for his works “The Royal Game,” “Amok,” “Confusion of Feelings,” and “Letter from an Unknown Woman.” He called his “Maria Stuart” a biographical novel. Recounting Maria Stuart’s happy days and her harsh years, the writer ponders on freedom and its boundaries…

 

Selected Literary Works
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
31/01/2024

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

The broadcast is dedicated to the French writer and military aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, who became world-wide famous for his philosophical novella "The Little Prince." It is very possible that Saint-Exupéry wrote here about himself and unveiled his soul in the image of the little child who was concerned about the future of the Earth and the whole Universe. No coincidence that he wrote this during World War II, when his homeland was also in danger. This wise tale is interesting for people of all ages and remains actual to this day.

 

Selected Literary Works
François Mauriac
24/01/2024

François Mauriac

The broadcast is dedicated to French poet, playwright, essayist, and publicist, Nobel Prize winner François Mauriac. He became more known as a master of social-psychological novels. His novels "A Kiss to the Leper,"  "Thérèse Desqueyroux," and "The Knot of Vipers" brought a great fame to him. When the Fascist army conquered his homeland, he wrote that even if we see the shame surrounding us and feel it in our souls, we should not despair and lose our trust in human; this is the sense of our life and survival.

 

Selected Literary Works
Jean-Paul Sartre
10/01/2024

Jean-Paul Sartre

The broadcast is dedicated to French philosopher, novelist, playwright, Nobel Prize winner Jean-Paul Sartre. The core of his philosophical views is the idea of freedom, which is the essence of human behavior, source of activity, and the only opportunity of human existence, according to Sartre. These views are reflected in his literature, especially in his famous novel "Nausea," in the trilogy "The Roads to Freedom," in the collection of stories "The Wall," in his autobiographical novel "The Words," and in many other works.

 

Selected Literary Works
André Gide
03/01/2024

André Gide

The broadcast is dedicated to French writer, famous author of the novel “The Counterfeiters” André Gide, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1947 for his highly artistic and profound literature where human problems are presented in a glorious love for the truth and in psychological depth. Of great interest is also his book “Return from the USSR” which caused heated debates and conflicting opinions in the literary and public life.

 

Selected Literary Works
Kōbō Abe
27/12/2023

Kōbō Abe

The broadcast is dedicated to Japanese prose writer and playwright Kōbō Abe who especially gained fame thanks to these three novels: "The Woman in the Dunes," "The Face of Another," and "The Ruined Map." His protagonists are individuals who run from the world and reality and who desire to preserve their souls, fight, and overcome hard situations. The plays of Abe, who has won many literary prizes, are also very popular. They were staged by the author himself in the Kōbō Abe Studio created by him.

 

Selected Literary Works